Wound healing – Part 2 of 3

If you didn’t get a chance to read Wound Healing Part I, read it here!

Primary Intention Healing

When the wound is a surgical incision with sutures in place, there is no wound area for the body to fill with granulation tissue. Instead, the wound margins are already held together and the two margins simply need to bond together. New skin begins to form across the margin within two days. The four stages of healing continue as previously noted but go much faster (10-14 days total) because there is no gap in the tissue to fill in. Healing occurs across the wound margin, not down its length, which means long incisions heal just as fast as short ones.

Secondary Intention

If the wound cannot be closed with sutures (too big, too much tension, too infected, etc.), then second intention healing begins. This is where granulation tissue must form to fill in the gap. Once   is filled, contraction soon follows, which means the wound will be getting smaller and smaller. Eventually it can be allowed to simply close on its own or, when it is small enough, the margins can be trimmed and the wound surgically closed by primary intention for a smaller scar and better fur coverage. In the right circumstances, skin grafts can be applied but only if there is a healthy granulation bed.

When a wound is cleansed of debris, scabs, crusts (when a bandage is removed), granulation tissue is evident. Some people, especially those not familiar with wound management, may be alarmed by its appearance. It is red or bright pink, bleeds easily, moist, and is often confused with underlying muscle. It looks like it would be sore but its not.  Many people incorrectly feel granulation tissue is not supposed to be there when, in fact, it is a sign of a healthy healing wound.  It should be moist so as to allow better blood flow and a proper debridement phase (see part one).  It bleeds easily as it is rich in blood vessels and is generally not painful as nerves grow into granulation tissue late in the healing process.

Check out our website next month for Part 3 of “Wound Healing”

Referenced from https://www.vin.com/

By Alex Hare DVM


The Importance of Microchipping Your Pet

Pets can get lost which can be a traumatic and possibly tragic event.  It’s important to have a collar and ID tag, but these are not foolproof.  Collars can break or fall off leaving your pet unidentifiable. This can be prevented with the use of a microchip. As noted in the Dartmouth Tribune in April 2017: A pet is lost every seven seconds One in three pets will go missing in their lifetime Only 2 percent of lost cats and 17 percent of lost dogs with ID return home When a pet gets lost, they are 20 times more likely to make their way back home when they have a microchip A microchip is a small chip that is encoded with a unique identification number.  It is no bigger than a grain of rice and implanted just under the surface of your pet’s skin.  The process is similar to receiving a vaccination through a needle and is virtually painless to pets.  Once implanted, the microchip remains between the shoulder blades just beneath the skin for the rest of the animal’s lifetime, becoming a permanent form of identification. Since it’s under your pets’ skin it can’t break or fall off like a collar or tag. The chip is powered by a scanner which sends a signal to the chip and receives the identification number stored on it.  A vet or shelter can use the scanner to read your pet’s chip.  With the identification number, your pet’s information is a phone call away. When your pet is microchipped, it is linked to a database with your contact info.  It is essential that you register the microchip and ensure your contact information is kept up to date.  If you move or change phone numbers be sure to update your information.  Microchips are reliable and use nationwide registries, but they depend on the information you provide. If you want to improve your chances of getting your pet back home quickly and safely microchipping is highly recommended.   Written by Tracy LeFler, Site Coordinator Edited by Janis Wall, RVT

Read More
See All Articles

Last updated: March 22, 2022.

Dear Clients,

Our top priority here at Westwood Hills is the ongoing health and safety of our clients, their pets, and our dedicated team members that serve you and the community.

NEW: We kindly request that clients continue wearing facemasks during their visits to our hospital. Our staff will continue to wear masks, as they remain one of the most effective ways to slow the spread of COVID-19.
* *Facemasks are no longer mandatory in veterinary clinics (but still highly recommended) as per recent provincial guidelines.

Here is what you can expect during your next visit:

  • We ask that all clients keep their distance / practice social distancing.
  • Continue the use of debit / credit cards as the preferred payment method.
  • For those interested we will still offer curbside pickup. Please place your food and medication order 48 hours in advance.
  • We are constantly analyzing our day to day actions and we appreciate your patience. We will continue to implement procedures that are in the best interest of both you, our clients and our staff.

    If you are not feeling well in any way, or if you have interacted with someone who has been diagnosed with COVID-19 we ask that you stay isolated and do not visit us at the clinic. If your pet needs medical attention please have a family member or friend bring in your pet or pick up prescriptions / food.


    Monday - Friday: 8:00 am – 8:00 pm
    Saturday: 9:00 am - 4:00 pm
    Sunday: Closed


    Have you welcomed a new furry family member to your home? We’d love to meet them! Visit our Must Know New Pet Owner Information page for useful resources and helpful recommendations for new pet owners.

    Thank you for your patience and understanding and we look forward to seeing you and your furry family members again!

    - Your dedicated team at Westwood Hills Veterinary Hospital